Caister Academic Press


Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: Current Research and Emerging Trends
Edited by: Francisco Sobrino and Esteban Domingo
Essential scientific background, comprehensive, interdisciplinary and up-to-date information on basic research and FMD control.
A page dedicated to the scientific research and academic study of Papillomavirus.


Papillomavirus: Many types of papillomavirus cause benign skin tumours (warts) in their natural hosts. These warts often regress spontaneously, but human genital warts (tumours caused by specific types of papillomavirus, particularly types 16 and 18) regularly become malignant if they persist for a sufficiently long time. Papillomavirus particles are approximately 55nm in diameter. The capsid is composed of 72 morphological units, or capsomers, arranged on the surface of a T=7 icosahedron. The capsomers located at each of the 12 vertices, are pentavalent (i.e. each is surrounded by five adjacent capsomers), and the other 60 capsomers are hexavalent (each adjacent to six capsomers).

An authoritative reference on Papillomavirus is provided by the new book Papillomavirus.

Further reading