Inadequate dNTPsAn incorrect concentration of deoxynucleotidetriphosphates (dNTPs) can cause problems for the PCR procedure. The usual dNTP concentration is between 40μM and 200μM of EACH of the four dNTPs. Excessive dNTP concentrations can inhibit the PCR preventing the formation of product. However, concentrations up to 400 μM each dNTP have been reported to work adequately. Low primer, target, Taq, and dNTP concentrations are preferable as these generally ensure cleaner product and lower background. For longer PCR-fragments a higher deoxynucleotidetriphosphate concentration may be required. A large change in the dNTP concentration may require a corresponding change in the concentration of MgCl2.
Edited by: David Rodríguez-Lázaro"I would recommend this text to anyone" (AJMS); "an excellent, detailed guide" (Emerg. Inf. Dis.) read more ...
An indispensable manual on real-time PCR for scientists in the food industry and for anyone involved in the detection of foodborne pathogens.
Edited by: Martin Filion"useful book ... filled with valuable information" (Doodys); "an outstanding book" (Fungal Diversity) read more ...
Aimed specifically at microbiologists, this volume describes and explains the most important aspects of current real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) strategies, instrumentation and software.
Suboptimal concentration of nucleotides can cause incomplete primer elongation or premature termination of DNA synthesis during the elongation step of the PCR cycle.
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- Flow Cytometry in Microbiology
- Probiotics and Prebiotics
- Corynebacterium glutamicum
- Advanced Vaccine Research Methods for the Decade of Vaccines
- Bacteria-Plant Interactions
- Metagenomics of the Microbial Nitrogen Cycle
- Pathogenic Neisseria
- Human Pathogenic Fungi
- Applied RNAi
- Molecular Diagnostics
- Phage Therapy
- Bioinformatics and Data Analysis in Microbiology
- The Cell Biology of Cyanobacteria
- Pathogenic Escherichia coli
- Campylobacter Ecology and Evolution
- Next-generation Sequencing
- Omics in Soil Science