Gene chipIn microarrays, the DNA oligonucleotides are attached to a solid surface such as glass or a silicon chip, in which case they are commonly known as gene chips.
Gene chips can be used to measure changes in expression levels, to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, in genotyping or in resequencing mutant genomes, and for many other purposes.
The applications of gene chips in the areas of molecular biology, biotechnology, medicine and bioscience are discussed in a new two-volume book published recently:
- Metagenomics of the Microbial Nitrogen Cycle
- Pathogenic Neisseria
- Human Pathogenic Fungi
- Applied RNAi
- Molecular Diagnostics
- Phage Therapy
- Bioinformatics and Data Analysis in Microbiology
- The Cell Biology of Cyanobacteria
- Pathogenic Escherichia coli
- Campylobacter Ecology and Evolution